prop 2 hasn’t saved the chickens
In 2008 in California, Proposition 2 hit the ballot. It was a law that seems like it should already have been on the books, requiring that for the majority of the day farmed animals should have enough room to be able to stand up, turn around and lie down. Animal advocates everywhere dropped what they were doing, rerouted their donations, and fought for this measure. One hope of supporters of Prop 2 was that it would educate people to the horrors of factory farming, particularly in the egg industry. One argument of animal rights advocates who opposed Prop 2 was that it might increase demand for animal products since people will feel that the eggs, dairy and animal carcasses they buy came from happy animals, which in turn might lead to the greater consumption of these products.
The results are in, folks, and it doesn’t look good. A study by Jayson L. Lusk just released in the Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization compares the market share for cage-free, organic and conventionally produced eggs. (For a comparison of these types of eggs go here). Lusk finds that in the San Francisco area demand went up 120% for cage-free eggs and 20% for organic eggs while the demand for conventional eggs went down (amount unspecified). Unfortunately, Lusk doesn’t provide the raw numbers on total sales, so the whole story isn’t clear. What is clear is that Prop 2 has probably not encouraged people to stop buying eggs. According to Lusk:
Our results also suggest that total egg expenditures were either constant or slightly increasing in San Francisco/Oakland over the study period suggesting that while Prop 2 may have changed which eggs consumers chose to buy, the information contained in Prop 2 did not cause a decline in total egg expenditures…
The welfarist argument will be that Prop 2 was successful because at least the demand is shifting to “more humane” methods. The problem is that neither cage free nor organic are humane. Unless sales of eggs go down drastically, we have a problem because, regardless of whether eggs are conventional, cage free or organic, a number of horrific things happen in their production.
No matter what “type” of egg you buy, the egg industry imprisons hens in a space that is painfully small. Only hens that produce organic eggs have access to the outdoors. However, even then access may not be utilized by hens for reasons such as access doors may be small and daunting as the light coming in is extremely bright compared to the dark sheds in which they live, or the space may be too limited for all hens to use it.
No matter what “type” of egg you buy, the egg industry depends on hatching new laying hens. All male chicks that are born are useless to the money making goals of the industry since they can’t lay eggs. Because they can’t make the egg industry money, all male chicks are killed. This typically happens in one of two ways: they are thrown with hundreds of other chicks into plastic bags and suffocated or they are thrown alive into a grinder.
No matter what “type” of egg you buy, the egg industry will cut body parts off of live chickens without giving them any anesthesia. Caged, cage free and organic conditions all place hens in extremely overcrowded living spaces, which psychologically damages them and often makes them go insane. Hens often peck or fight in response. Rather than allow the chickens decent lives filled with sunshine, space and dust bathing, the industry removes the body parts that can cause a laying hen injury to herself or other hens should she happen to go stir crazy. This includes the ends of her beak and her toes. A hen’s beak is filled with nerve endings—having her beak cut off is akin to you having your fingers cut off.
No matter what “type” of egg you buy, hens are starved at regular intervals to put them in a state of panic that will force more frequent egg laying. No matter what “type” of egg you buy, hens are kept in extremely dark conditions to make them think it is nighttime so they will make less noise. No matter what “type” of egg you buy, the industry will kill all hens when they are between one and two years of age, when they stop producing eggs at a high rate. Hens can naturally live up to 10 years. This means they are robbed of, on average, 80% of their lives. No matter what “type” of egg you buy, you are buying the amniotic fluid of another animal.
The idea behind Prop 2 was to create more favorable conditions for animals while we wait for our society to wake up and recognize that imprisoning, torturing and murdering others is wrong. The idea behind Prop 2 was to create more favorable conditions for animals while we wait for our society to wake up and recognize that might doesn’t make right. The idea behind Prop 2 was to create more favorable conditions for animals while we wait for our society to wake up and recognize that eating meat and animal products are the root of all of the leading causes of death and disease in this country. But the facts are there and people choose willingly not to change. Though it is not what Lusk concludes (he thinks that Prop 2 helps animals), what his study on Prop 2 has proven for me is that given a choice people will do whatever eases their conscience, but only to the degree that they don’t actually have to make a real change in their lifestyle. Most people are too stubborn and confused to stop actually exploiting animals. People will spend a few extra cents to for the peace of mind that they can pretend like they do not support the cruelty toward or torture of animals. But in the end, humane “meat” is a myth. The only humane choice is to refuse to kill or imprison for food. Bigger cages are still cages and I am fighting for freedom.